What is Osteoarthritis: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

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What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and can affect any joint in the body. Human body has protective cartilage that provides support to the ends of the bone. But with time, that cartilage wears down from the bone.

Talking about the joints that tend to bear most of our body weight or used a lot in everyday life are more likely to face osteoarthritis. When a joint develops osteoarthritis, the shielding layer of cartilage thins and so it becomes uneven, making the surface rough. Hence, the free movements between the bones are impacted. In the meanwhile, the cells that are present in the joints area get in the action to try to heal the damaged or worn out part of the cartilage. This healing leads to the structural changes that lead to severe conditions.


In this situation, it is possible that the extra growth can cause some complications like pain and stiffness. One can also experience symptoms like swollen joints, creaking of joints, deprived range of motion, etc. Symptoms of vary from person to person. Knees, hips, hands, wrists, back, neck, foot, ankle, shoulder, elbow, jaw, are some of the joints where osteoarthritis can be experienced.


There are many causes that can lead to arthritis. Obesity, gout, congenital abnormalities, repeated accidents/trauma/surgery, hormonal disorders, hemocromatosis, diabetes, hereditary condition, aging, osteophytes, etc. are some of the causes that can invite osteoarthritis.

What is Osteoarthritis treatment

Arthroscopy is one of them. It is a surgical technique where a tube is being inserted into the joint space. It becomes easy for the surgeon to detect the defects and its extent with the help of that viewing tube. Surgical instruments are then inserted to repair the damaged cartilage. 

How to prevent osteoarthritis

There is some ways to prevent arthritis, but consult your doctor first before you starts this activity,

  • Exercise
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Rest
  • Control blood sugar

How to treat osteoarthritis

Dr Suman Kumar Nag is a best orthopaedic doctor in raipur, being an expert hand in Orthopaedics and hence, the most recommended place to get arthroscopy treatment.

Book your appointment from the best ortho doctor in Raipur at Ligament Injury Clinic


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